What do questions on the defense of the thesis depend on?

So, the thesis is written and it can be defended. Is it that simple? Indeed, in addition to the report, the commission asks additional questions to make sure how well the student understood the topic. Therefore, you need to thoroughly prepare, as well as to know what the questions on the defense of the thesis depend on.

First, the examination committee listens to the student’s report and only then communicates with the graduate student. That is, he asks questions that depend on several nuances:

What grade is awarded to the student for the thesis project by the reviewer. If “5” is received and the report is also perfectly read, then the commission will not be too strict for the graduate.

How interesting is the report read.

How quickly and confidently the student answers. Here you can immediately see whether he wrote his thesis on his own or not.

As a graduate student has proven himself throughout the entire educational process.

How and by what requirements a graduation paper is framed.

The examination committee will ask questions in any case, but in order to pass this stage quickly and easily, you need to be confident and not be afraid of anything.

How to answer questions while defending a thesis

The most difficult thing for a student is when questions are asked from different members of the certification committee. For each question you need to quickly respond, navigate and respond. Thus, a graduate student checks how well he has prepared for defense, knows his topic and can lead scientific disputes.

If the student does not know the answer to the question, the main thing is not to be silent, but try to answer as you understand the topic. Better to say: “I do not understand the essence of the issue, rephrase, please.”

When members of the commission communicate with the student, it is important to look into their eyes, and not at the floor or ceiling. Indeed, in this way, the graduate shows his respect.

How many questions can the commission for the defense of the thesis ask

Of course, graduates are interested in as few questions as possible from members of the commission. After all, then an assessment is given.

As a rule, no more than 5 questions are asked, it all depends on how well and correctly the student answers. If the graduate is guided by the topic, then the commission will not interrogate him for a long time and will quickly let him go.

When a student thinks for a long time, answers inappropriately, does not know a thesis work well, then there can be much more questions. However, there is one plus – about 7 minutes are allocated for each question and therefore, the student will not even be able to physically answer 10 or more questions, as time goes on and you need to listen to the report of the next student.

Still, if a student sees that questions are constantly being asked, you need to ask yourself: “Why?”. Perhaps there is not enough confidence or persuasiveness in the answers, but maybe on the contrary, I liked the report very much and wanted to talk with the student as a colleague. In any case, there are reasons why teachers want to listen to the student more and more.

thesis defense: what questions are asked

Before going to the defense of the thesis, the student needs to analyze all his work. It is important for him to understand what questions there may be in the defense of a thesis and what should be thoroughly prepared for.

The student himself can push the teacher to a certain question, but for this, during the presentation, some sections must be left with understatement. Then members of the commission will take note and be sure to ask what was not said. Only with such a trick is it important not to overdo it, as teachers can decide that the topic is not sufficiently disclosed.

As a rule, the protection of a thesis raises such questions:

  • Basic definitions on the topic of the thesis;
  • formulas;
  • numbers;
  • abstracts;
  • quotes;
  • main conclusions.

The main thing for students is not to be afraid of teachers and remember that they do not want to “fill up”, but simply talk as if they were an equal, and also try to understand how much a graduate student can cover the topic.

Questions on practice and theory of thesis

As mentioned above, the state examination commission asks questions exclusively on the topic of the thesis that the student was working on. Therefore, in preparation for the defense, it is advisable to consider with the supervisor what questions may be. To do this, it’s better to write down at least the basic answers.

The examination committee will ask questions on:


  • What is the work and what may be the results;
  • what the student analyzed while writing the theoretical part;
  • what is the main idea of the work;
  • what is new introduced by the student;
  • what problems could not be resolved;
  • what prospects may be;
  • What methods are used to solve the main problem;
  • Are there any advantages and disadvantages (which) at the enterprise;
  • why was this or that method used;
  • what is taken into account during the analysis;
  • as the definition is explained.


  • What gives practical use;
  • what can be advised to the enterprise;
  • Is it possible to do in practice without specific models, options or methods;
  • how the results of the study are used in the remaining chapters (paragraphs);
  • where did the data come from;
  • how and how the software was used;
  • for what formulas are given (which follows from them).

Thus, using his answers, the student will no longer be at a loss for the defense of the thesis and will answer questions with confidence.

So, from the article it became clear how and how many questions the commission asked to defend the thesis. Remember that it is important to defend your point of view, you can argue and tell everything clearly, confidently and only on the case. Feel free to defend yourself and you will surely succeed.

Jennalyn Herring

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